Mammoth Site, South Dakota

I recently discovered the Roadside America website/app (for iPhones) and it’s quickly become one of my absolute favorite references for finding weird/cool things/places to see/visit. While in South Dakota I took full advantage of my brother’s iPhone and we happened upon the Mammoth Site of Hot Springs, South Dakota.

The Mammoth Site is both a museum and an active paleontological site. More than 26,000 years ago, large Columbian and Woolly mammoths were trapped and died in a spring-fed pond. For centuries the bones lay buried, until discovered by chance in 1974 during excavation for a housing development when earth moving equipment exposed a fossil. Luckily, the Mammoth Site was preserved and today it is the world’s largest Columbian mammoth exhibit and a world-renowned research center for Pliestocene studies. To date, 61 mammoths have been identified, along with the remains of a giant short-faced bear, camel, llama, prairie dog, wolf, fish, and numerous other plant and invertebrate fossils.

I thought the coolest part of this site was the fact that it is both a museum and working dig site. There are programs each summer when volunteers come to the site to work – all under the curious gaze of the visiting public. It made for a rare opportunity to see work in progress and to gain a better understanding of exactly how such site are run. And, honestly, I found it way more interesting to see the bones in situ vs in a more clinical museum setting.

One of the most amusing facts of the whole tour (for me anyway) was that so far, all of the mammoths found have been male. Apparently they just happened upon this nice little water hole, thought to go for a swim, then couldn’t climb back up the slippery sides. Kind of a sad story, but for some reason it just seems like a very male scenario (sorry guys).

Overall, I definitely found this place to be worth the price of admission and a few hours of your time. If you have kids, even better!

P.S. I apologize for photo quality – the lighting here was all over the place and I only had my cell phone (rookie mistake not bringing an extra battery for the SLR – oops!).

Mammoth Site, South Dakota, archaeology

This model was totally surreal – those bones are just SO big!

 

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Cee’s Black & White Photo Challenge: Boneyard

Mammoth site, South Dakota, Hot Springs, black and white, bones, excavation, preservation

These guys were massive!

Mammoth site, South Dakota, Hot Springs, black and white, bones, excavation, preservation

An American Columbian Mammoth (well, except for a missing skull…)

Mammoth site, South Dakota, Hot Springs, black and white, bones, excavation, preservation

How many tusks can you spot??

This week’s topic is “open topic,” so I thought I would share a couple of shots from our exploration of the Mammoth Site of Hot Springs, South Dakota. Instead of excavating the site all at once and moving the discoveries off site to be studied, the archaeological team uncovers the bones and leaves them open (and preserved) for public observation. It’s one of the few places in the world where you can tour an active dig site! I’ll share more in a later post, but I couldn’t resist sharing a sneak peak today – this stop was definitely one of the highlights of our trip! So cool! πŸ™‚


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